Marta, fisherman village overlooking Bolsena lake

posted Nov 2, 2011, 7:50 AM by Stefano Capoccioni   [ updated Nov 2, 2011, 7:54 AM ]
Ancient Village overlooking Bolsena lakeSituated on the south coast of Bolsena Lake, the largest volcanic lake in Europe, at the outlet of its homonymous River Marta. The geographic location and the typical medieval architecture, tufa houses, stairs and narrow streets, the historical vestige of monuments like "Torre dell'Orologio" (The watchtower), "La Rocca" ruins and "Palazzetto Farnese", make Marta a place of undisputed charm.
The main economic resources are the fishing industry, trade, restaurant and tourism. The origins of the village are still uncertain and surrounded by legends. The first document dates back to 726 A.D. where the name Marta appears for the first time as a proof of the village being part of the patrimony of St. Peter in Tuscia.

Documents of the VIII and IX centuries prove the existence and the strategic importance of the place.

Marta will fall under the rule of different families and governements during the following years, Orsini and Farnese alternatively being the last ones until 1537, when it becomes part of Ducato di Castro, established by Pope Paolo III, and so will be until 1649. It will fall under the rule of the Holy See until the unity of Italy. In 1927 it will bi detached from Rome and given to the new province of Viterbo.

Things to see
The historical centre and the old fishermen village.
Churches: "SS. Marta and Biagio", "Crocifisso", "Madonna del Castagno", and "Madonna del Monte".
"La Cannara", the old fish-pond by River Marta known for its eels mentioned by Dante (Purgatory - Canto XXIV).
The Church and templar site of "Castell'Araldo" on the Tuscania road, approximately 3 km from Marta.
The front-lake gardens
"Grotta dell'apparizione della Madonna"